In Ancient Chinese philosophy, yin yang symbol is a concept of dualism, describing how seemingly opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another. The Taijitu, more commonly refer to as Yin and Yang, is a Chinese symbol from a Chinese belief system describe as Taoism.
The symbol has two colors, White (Yang) and Black (Yin), each with the opposite color inside them that represent the above mentioned concepts. Some examples are: Light-Dark, Male-Female, Expansion-Contraction, Up-Down, Sun-Moon, and also Activity-Rest. The fact that both Yin and Yang contain the seed of their opposite means that Yin can become Yang, and Yang can become Yin. Night takes place of Day, and vice versa. The main point of this concept is that everything contains its opposite, and everything must be balance.
This logic also applies to humans. It says basically that humans must live their lives in moderation. We mustn’t have too much or too little of something. An example of this is food. If we have too little food, we starve to death, but if we have too much food, we risk heart attacks and strokes. If a ruler has too much assertiveness, the kingdom becomes a dictatorship full of suffering. Too much submission and crime can run rampant. If you exercise and don’t rest, your body wouldn’t be able to handle it. If you rest and never exercise, your body will remain unfit. Everything should be done in moderation.
The relationship between yin and yang is often describe in terms of sunlight playing over a mountain and a valley. Yin (literally the ‘shady place’ or ‘north slope’) is the dark area occlude by the mountain’s bulk. While yang (literally the “sunny place’ or “south slope”) is the brightly lit portion. As the sun moves across the sky, yin and yang gradually trade places with each other, revealing what was obscure and obscuring what was reveal.
- Firstly Yin is characterize as slow, soft, yielding, diffuse, cold, wet, and passive. And associates with water, earth, the moon, femininity, and night time.
- Secondly Yang, by contrast, is fast, hard, solid, focused, hot, dry, and active. And associates with fire, sky, the sun, masculinity and daytime.