Shri Krishna is widely revered among Hindu divinities and many of his mantra are one of the most popular. He is worshipped as the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu and listed as the 57th name in the Vishnu Sahasranama. Other traditions such as Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Ekasarana Dharma, Mahanam Sampraday, Nimbarka Sampradaya and the Vallabha Sampradaya regard Shri Krishna as the Svayam Bhagavan, the original form of Lord or the same as the concept of Brahman in Hinduism. Gitagovinda of Jayadeva considers Shri Krishna to be the supreme lord while the ten incarnations are his forms. Swaminarayan, the founder of the Swaminarayan Sampradaya, also worshipped Shri Krishna as God himself.
By 1965, the Krishna-bhakti movement had spread outside India after Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (as instructed by his guru, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura) travelled from his homeland in West Bengal to New York City. A year later, in 1966, after gaining many followers, he was able to form the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), popularly known as the Hare Krishna movement. The overall purpose of this movement was to write about Krishna in English and to share the Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy with people in the Western world by spreading the teachings of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
In the biographies of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the mantra he receive when he took diksha or initiation in Gaya. It was the six-word verse of the Kali-Santarana Upanishad. “Hare Krishna Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare; Hare Rama Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare Hare”. Furthermore in the Gaudiya tradition, it is the maha-mantra, or great mantra, about Krishna bhakti. Its chanting was known as hari-nama sankirtana.
Other Shri Krishna mantra also help to purify ourselves and provides protection from all kinds of problems and obstacles. Further helping to destroy the negative energies in our mind, body and soul. Reference texts given in the Mahabharata, the Bhagavata Purana, the Brahma Vaivarta Purana, and the Bhagavad Gita. And also mentioned in many Hindu philosophical, theological, and mythological texts.
Accordingly to the legends, Lord Shiva told this below given mantra to Mother Parvati. That the person who chants this mantra daily, will be free from sins. And will also reach Vishnu Lok with time.
ॐ कृष्णाय वासुदेवाय हरये परमात्मने॥
प्रणत: क्लेशनाशाय गोविंदाय नमो नम:॥
om krishnaya vasudevaya haraye paramatmane
pranata kleshanashaya govindaya namo nama
I bow down to Shri Krishna, the son of Vasudeva, Govinda and the Supreme Soul, who destroys the afflictions of devotees who have surrendered.
- Om: This primordial sound symbolizes the ultimate reality, the source of all existence.
- Krishnaya: This is a reference to Shri Krishna, who is a symbol of divine love, compassion, and the embodiment of the absolute truth.
- Vasudevaya: This points to Shri Krishna as the son of Vasudeva
- Haraye: This signifies Shri Krishna as the remover of all obstacles, the one who liberates devotees from the cycle of birth and death.
- Paramatmane: This acknowledges Shri Krishna as the Supreme soul.
- Pranatah Kleshanashaya: This refers to those who have surrendered to Shri Krishna, the dispeller of afflictions, and alleviating suffering.
- Govindaya: This refers Shri Krishna as “Govinda”, one of the other name of Shri Krishna, signifying his role as the protector of cows.
- Namo Namah: This signifies profound respect and complete surrender.