Greenland is the world’s largest island, located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. With a population of about 56,480 (2013), it is the least densely populated territory in the world.
It is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe for more than a millennium. The majority of its residents are Inuit, whose ancestors migrated from Alaska through Northern Canada, gradually settling across the island by the 13th century. Inuit is a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska (United States).
Greenland is the world’s largest non-continental island and the third largest area in North America after Canada and the United States. The nearest countries are Canada, to the west and southwest across Nares Strait and Baffin Bay. And Iceland, southeast of Greenland in the Atlantic Ocean. Greenland also contains the world’s largest national park. It is the largest dependent territory by area in the world, as well as the fourth largest country subdivision in the world, after Sakha Republic in Russia, Australia’s state of Western Australia, and Russia’s Krasnoyarsk Krai, and the largest in North America.
The Greenlandic economy is highly dependent on fishing. Fishing accounts for more than 90% of Greenland’s exports. The shrimp and fish industry is by far the largest income earner. Greenland is abundant in minerals. These include iron, uranium, aluminium, nickel, platinum, tungsten, titanium, and copper.
There is air transport both within Greenland and between the island and other nations. There is also scheduled boat traffic, but the long distances lead to long travel times and low frequency. Also there are virtually no roads between cities because the coast has many fjords that would require ferry service to connect a road network.
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