Badami, formerly known as Vatapi, is famous for its rock cut structural temples. It is located in a ravine at the foot of a rugged, red sandstone outcrop that surrounds Agastya lake. Additionally Badami has been select as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India. The rock-cut Badami Cave Temples were sculpt mostly between the 6th and 8th centuries. Also has eighteen inscriptions, among them some inscriptions are important.
It is basically a town and headquarters of a taluk by the same name, in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India. It was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas from AD 540 to 757.
The Puranas state the wicked asura Vatapi was killed by sage Agastya. Aand it refers to this area as Vatapi and Agastya Tirtha. In the Ramayana, Agastya and Lopamudra are describe as living in Dandaka forest, on the southern slopes of Vindhya mountains. Rama praises Agastya as the one who can do what gods find impossible. He is describe as the sage who use his Dharma powers to kill demons Vatapi and Ilwala after they had jointly misled and destroyed 9,000 men.
In the Mahabharata, sage Agastya is describe in the epic as a sage with enormous powers of ingestion and digestion. To kill men, asura Vatapi used to become a goat and his brother Ilvala would cook him. Then, Vatapi would recollect in the stomach and tear himself out from the inside of the victim, killing the victim. When Agastya arrives, Ilvala offers the goat again. He kills Vatapi by digesting the meal as soon as he ate, giving Vatapi no time to self organize. Agastya, in the legends of Mahabharata, kills the demons Vatapi and Ilvala much the same mythical way as in the Ramayana.
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