Amber Palace or Amer Fort is a fort located in Amer, Rajasthan, India. Located high on a hill, it is the principal tourist attraction in Jaipur (located 11 km from the city). The town of Amer was originally construct by Meenas, and later it was rule by Raja Man Singh I. Amber Fort is popular for its artistic style elements.
With its large ramparts and series of gates and cobbled paths, the fort overlooks Maota Lake, which is the main source of water for the Amber Palace. The architectural style of several buildings of the fort are greatly influence by Mughal Architecture. The palace was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas and their families.
Construction of red sandstone and marble, the attractive, opulent palace is lay out on four levels, each with a courtyard. It consists of the Diwan-e-Aam, or “Hall of Public Audience”, the Diwan-e-Khas, or “Hall of Private Audience”, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas where a cool climate is artificially build by winds that blow over a water cascade within the palace. Hence, the Amer Fort is also popular as the Amer Palace. At the entrance to the palace near the fort’s Ganesh Gate, there is a temple dedicate to Shila Devi, a goddess of the Chaitanya cult. Which was given to Raja Man Singh when he defeats the Raja of Jessore, Bengal in 1604. (Jessore is now in Bangladesh).
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