Peanuts are use to help fight malnutrition because they are rich in essential nutrients. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, important for both small and large commercial producers. It is classified as a grain bean and, due to its high oil content, an oil crop. Dry roasted peanuts are a common form. Boiled peanuts are a popular snack in India, China, West Africa, and the southern United States. In the US South, boiled peanuts are often prepare in sparkling water, and sold in street stands. Peanuts, also known as peanuts, cow dung (US) or monkey nuts (UK).
Peanut pods grow underground, an unusual feature known as geocarpi. In 2017, world production of groundnut was 47 million tonnes, led by China with 36% of the global total, followed by India (20%). Other important producers were the United States, Nigeria, Myanmar and Sudan.
In a 100 gram serving, peanuts provide 570 calories and are an excellent source of many B vitamins, vitamin E, many dietary minerals, such as manganese (95% DV), magnesium (52% DV) and phosphorus (48% DV). And dietary fiber (right table). They also contain about 25 grams of protein per 100 grams of serving, a higher proportion than the nuts of many trees.
Peanut flour is use in gluten-free cooking. Peanut oil is often use in cooking, as it has a mild taste and a relatively high smoking point. Due to its high mono-unsaturated content, it is consider more healthier than saturated oils, and is resistant to hardness.
Peanut butter is an edible paste or peanut made from roasted peanuts. It often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweetness, or emulsifiers. Peanut butter is serve as a spread on bread, toast or crackers, and is use to make sandwiches.
Plumpy nuts, myna nutrition and medica mamba are high protein, high energy and high nutrient peanut-base pastes that are use as therapeutic food to aid in famine relief. The World Health Organization, UNICEF, Project Peanut Butter, and Doctors Without Borders have used these products to help protect malnourished children in developing countries. Peanuts can be use like other legumes and grains to make lactose-free, milk-like drinks, peanut milk, which promotes in Africa to reduce malnutrition in children.
Some studies show that regular consumption of peanuts is associated with a lower specific risk of mortality from certain diseases. However, the study designs do not allow cause and effect to be infer. According to the US Food and Drug Administration, “Scientific evidence suggests but does not prove that eating 1.5 ounces per day of most nuts (such as peanuts) as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease.”
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